Australia's Water Problem...
external image australia_map_and_flag.jpg

Water scarcity is becoming an increasingly significant problem for many countries. Australia has one of the largest consuptions of water in the world. According to the international water managment institiute a very significant portion of the world is expected to suffer physical and economic scarcity by 2025. However Australia's water resources are highly variable and reflect the range of climatic conditions, and it is expected to change in the next years.

Australias current population is 21,374,000. There are some plans for projects that the government is planning on doing

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Australia's life expectancy
Male 79 years
Female 84 years

Australias Gross Domestic Product GDP

  • agriculture (3.8%)
  • industry (24.9%)
  • services (71.3%)

Australia's Literacy Rate


Australia's Per Capita Income
32,700 US $

Australia's Major Industries
Industrial Manufacturing

Physical Description...

Australias Climate...

File:Australia-climate-map MJC01.png
File:Australia-climate-map MJC01.png

It varies widely but 40% of australia's grandmass is covered by sand dunes.
Only the southeast and southwest corners have a temperate climate and fertile soil.
The northern part of the country has a tropical climate, varied between tropical rainforests,
grasslands and desert. The rainfall patterns are highly seasonal,
compare to the other parts of the world australia is very dry.
Antartica is the only continent that recieves less rainfall than australia.
More than 80% of the continent has an annual rainfall of less than 600 mm.

Australia's Vegetation...

Since australia was part of the supercontinent Gondwana it shares its vegetation
with South America, India, Africa and Antartica. The conditions of the geographic
situation led to the development of the variety of flora.

Australia's Topography...

Australia is divided into four regions:
-A low, sandy eastern coastal plain
-The eastern highlands, ranging from 1,000 to 7,000 ft in altitude
-The central plains
-The western plateau, covered with great deserts and bigger plains rising 1,000 – 2,000 ft high
external image Image2.gif

external image watershed_management.gifWhat is Watershed?
Watershed is a high land dividing to areas that are drained by two different rivers , it is also the
region draining into a river, lake or other body of water.

The big problem with australia and its water scarcity is because most of australia's water is salt water. Which makes it harder to process and make it fresh water. Another reason is that a most of australias land mass is dry and sandy, just lika a desert. And since we all know that desert gets no precipitation or just a little, the watershed is not that helpfull since it gets not that much precipitation.

Hydrology Data...

external image Uley%20South%20Conceptual%20Model.JPG
external image Uley%20South%20Conceptual%20Model.JPG

Hydrologic data is the scientific study of the properties, distribution, and effects of water as a liquid, solid, or gas on the earth's surface, in the soil and underlying rocks, and in the atmosphere.

Conclusion of data

In conclusion, since australia is mostly covered by sand or desert type features and because of that it gets a little or no precipitation, we think that the only thing that can be done to help the water scarcity is desalination. Some other possible solutions could be importing fresh water from other countries. Since australia's grandmass is mostly desert it would be hard and expansive to try to fix it with some methods that may not be worth it. So i think a good idea is keep working with the different rules that they are using now.

Possible Solution

One of the possible solution is turning all of the salt water around Australia to fresh water. This process is called desalination even though it is very expenive we think that it is worth it. This way Australian's will have water to drink.

Important Facts...

  • over 65% of australia's runoff in the three drainage divisions located in the sparsely populated tropical north
  • australia has approximately 413,000 gigalitres of water available annualy
  • at present australians extract about 70,000 gl and consume 25,000 gl of which 16,600 is used for agriculture